Special Air and Gunnery Target Map of Iwo Jima. This topographical map has hand drawn annotations denoting enemy attacks and strong points. Known enemy positions are shown including gun emplacements and bunkers.
The Battle of Iwo Jima took place from the 19th of February – 26th of March 1945, in what was some of the hardest fighting of the Pacific War. Operation Detachment, as the American Operation was called, had the goal of securing Iwo Jima to provide airfields with which to attack the Japanese mainland.
Fighting pitted the 3rd, 4th and 5th Marine Divisions against a mix of units under the umbrella of the Japanese 109th Division. Every square foot was heavily contested with overlapping arcs of fire coming from hidden bunkers peppered over the island.
The Japanese had spent months digging into the island creating miles of tunnels from which to move between positions. Although Mt Suribachi was taken four days after landing on Iwo Jima, it would take another month to completely clear the Japanese from the rocky terrain in the North.